Nervous System Mind Map | Easy Guide and Free Download

 The Nervous System: Conductor of the Body's Symphony

The human body is a complex orchestra, and the nervous system is its conductor. It receives sensory information, processes it, and sends instructions to muscles, glands, and organs through the spinal cord, like messengers, to ensure harmonious action. It allows us to move, feel, learn, remember, dream, and create. It is the foundation of our consciousness and essence.

I have created a mind map of the nervous system and its functions, with a creative, colorful, and image-filled design, to help you better understand this complex system of the human body.

Whether you are a student, you can use it to do your homework or learn to create your own mind map of the nervous system. Or if you are a teacher, it will be a useful tool in your classes to make your students feel more attracted to the information.

See the creative brain mind map with its parts and functions.  

How to Create a Mind Map of the Central and Peripheral Nervous System

Reliable Research: First, it is important to obtain information from reliable sources such as scientific papers or articles to ensure that we are placing accurate information.

Selection of Key Points: Extract the essential points from the vast amount of information available on the topic to get a complete overview of the nervous system.

Main Concepts: In my case, I decided to map the functions of the nervous system, its structure and divisions, components, neuronal communication and diseases.

Here is all the information:

Nervous System


Control and coordination of bodily functions.

Reception and processing of sensory information.

Generation of responses to internal and external stimuli.

Maintenance of homeostasis.


Central Nervous System (CNS): Brain and spinal cord.

Brain: Cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem.

Cerebrum: Processes sensory information, controls movement, thought, emotions, and memory.

Cerebellum: Coordinates movement and balance.

Brainstem: Controls vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure.

Spinal Cord: Transmits sensory information to the brain and motor signals from the brain to the muscles.

Peripheral Nervous System (PNS): Cranial and spinal nerves.

Cranial Nerves: Connect the brain to the muscles and organs of the head and neck.

Spinal Nerves: Connect the spinal cord to the muscles and organs of the rest of the body.


Neurons: Specialized cells for transmitting information.

Parts of a neuron:

Cell body: Contains the nucleus and other organelles.

Dendrites: Short branches that receive information from other neurons.

Axon: Long fiber that transmits information to other neurons or muscles.

Presynaptic terminals: Release neurotransmitters to communicate with other neurons.

Glia: Cells that support and protect neurons.

Types of glia: Astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, microglia, and ependymal cells.

Types of Neuronal Communication:

Synapse: Point of contact between two neurons where information is transmitted.

Neurotransmitters: Chemicals that transmit information across the synapse.

Functions of the Nervous System:

Sensory: Reception of sensory information from the internal and external environment.

Integrative: Processing and interpretation of sensory information.

Motor: Generation of responses to internal and external stimuli.

Cognitive: Mental processes such as thought, memory, and learning.

Emotional: Experience and regulation of emotions.

Diseases of the Nervous System:

Neurodegenerative disorders: Diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cause the progressive death of neurons.

Neurological disorders: Diseases such as epilepsy, migraine, and stroke affect the functioning of the nervous system.

Mental disorders: Diseases such as depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia affect thought, emotions, and behavior.

Including Images:

Look for images that represent each keyword. If this is not possible, use the most appropriate ones to enrich the information and the mind map.

Creative Mind Map of the Central Nervous System to Download for Free

Nervous System Mind Map